The esophagus is the channel through which swallowed food and liquid enter the stomach. The esophageal wall is primarily made up of muscle tissue which contracts forming peristaltic waves that transport food to the stomach.
Esophageal tumors usually originate in the epithelial cells that form the lining of the esophagus. They undergo alterations in their DNA that cause changes in appearance and function, in addition to uncontrolled growth. This type of tumor usually grows invading surrounding tissues, but can also spread to other parts of the body.
The different types of esophageal cancer are classified according to the type of cells involved:
- Adenocarcinoma usually originates in the mucus-secreting glands that replace normal esophageal epithelium. It customarily affects the inferior part nearest to the stomach.
- Epidermoid carcinoma originates from the cells forming the normal lining of the esophagus. It tends to affect mainly the middle and upper third parts of the esophagus.
If diagnosed early on, it is a type of cancer that can be prevented and cured in a high percentage of cases.
iTAcC has a highly specialized medical team in the diagnosis and treatment of esophageal tumors. Treatment decisions are carried out in a multidisciplinary manner, involving specialists in the digestive system (endoscopists), general surgeons, otolaryngologists, thoracic surgeons, pulmonologists, radiologists, pathologists, radiation oncologists and medical oncologists. Nutritionists and physiotherapists at iTAcC provide rehabilitative support to the patient during and after treatment. All of the aforementioned provides the best guarantee in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of cancer.