Tumors of the head and neck

Introduction

Introduction

The group of tumors located in the cervical region and head are called head and neck tumors, as well as those located in:

  • Oral cavity (lips, tongue, floor of the mouth, gums and palate).
  • Posterior region of the mouth (tonsils, nasopharynx, oropharynx and hypopharynx).
  • Larynx.
  • Nasal cavities and sinuses.
  • Saliva Glands (parotid, submandibular and sublingual salivary glands).
  • Thyroid gland.
  • Lymph nodes of the neck
  • Skin of the face, scalp and neck.
  • The ear.
  • Orbit.
  • Base of the skull.

Head and neck tumors account for approximately 10% to 12% of all the types of cancer in men and 4% to 5% in women.

The overall survival rate is better than cancers in other locations which are generally more aggressive. The cure rate is between 50% and 60% and almost 90% in the thyroid.