Liver cancer

Introduction

Introduction

Hepatocellular carcinoma is the cause of liver tumors in the majority of cases.

Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is a novel, outpatient, painless and non-invasive technique.  It allows for a rapid return to the patient’s normal life.

At iTAcC our main objective is the administration of an individualized treatment in order to achieve the highest success rate in each patient

The liver is the largest solid organ in the body. It is located under the diaphragm and in the upper right region of the abdominal cavity. Its fundamental roles are maintaining the balance of the body regarding protein synthesis, vitamin storage and secretion of bile and digestive enzymes, among others. It is also responsible for removing certain harmful substances from the blood.

There are five main types of liver tumors, each of which have specific characteristics and require different types of treatment:

  • Hepatocellular carcinoma:  it is the most common primary malignant liver cancer and originates from the liver’s own cells called hepatocytes.
  • Cholangiocarcinoma:  it originates in the cells of the liver bile ducts (cholangiocytes) in the liver (peripheral cholangiocarcinoma) or outside the liver (extra hepatic cholangiocarcinoma).  It is a relatively rare cancer whose origin is related to risk factors relating to the chronic inflammation of the biliary tract.
  • Gallbladder carcinoma: it originates in the cells of the wall of the gallbladder.
  • Liver metastases are the most common tumors of the liver.  They are caused by the proliferation of cells from primary tumors from other organs (secondary disease).
  • Benign tumors (hemangioma, focal nodular hyperplasia and adenoma) are rare lesions and usually do not require medical or surgical treatment.

The medical team at iTAcC has extensive experience in the diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of liver tumors