Ovarian cancer

Introduction

Introduction

Women with a familial incidence of epithelial ovarian and/or breast cancer or a previous history of breast cancer have twice the risk of developing ovarian cancer compared to the general population.

The ovary is the female gonad that performs the physiological functions such as being a part of the center of hormonal secretion and production of ovocytes which are necessary for reproduction. Different types of tumors can develop regarding this organ, depending on the different cell types.

Ovarian cancer is the fifth most common tumor in women and represents only 3% of the diagnosed neoplasms.

Although there are many types of ovarian tumors (depends on the cell type from which they originate), 90% of cases come from the epithelium cover of the gland giving it the name epithelial ovarian carcinoma. The borderline subtype represents a distinct group compared to those tumors mentioned previously. It is a heterogeneous group of lesions that are non-invasive and represent 10-20% of malignant epithelial ovarian tumors with an excellent prognosis.