Stomach cancer

Introduction

Introduction

The stomach is the first part of the digestive tract in the abdomen. It is located between the esophagus and small intestine. Its size varies depending on the amount of substances it contains. Its main function is to initiate the digestion of food, convert it into slurry and pass it into the small intestine.

Stomach tumors usually originate from the cells that form the gastric mucosa which is the innermost part of the stomach wall. This type of cancer is called adenocarcinomas. Other less frequent stomach tumors are those coming from the deeper layers of the gastric wall (GIST, sarcomas), from lymphatic tissue (lymphoma) and those from hormone-producing cells (carcinoid tumors).

The incidence of adenocarcinoma is increasing. The primary tumor can invade the regional lymph nodes in its early stages and as the disease progresses, infiltration of surrounding organs like the pancreas, colon, spleen or liver can be seen. In advanced stages the cells can travel through the blood forming metastases in other organs such as the lung. The involvement of the peritoneal wall is another form of the characteristic progression of stomach cancer and is one of the most important criteria of inoperability.

Gastric cancer has a geographic distribution. Incidence is higher in Asiatic countries (Japan, China, and Korea) and is generally lower in Western countries (USA, Europe).

At iTAcC we have a highly specialized medical team in the diagnosis and treatment of stomach cancer. All treatment decisions are carried out in a multidisciplinary manner. This means involving specialists in the digestive system (endoscopists), general surgeons, radiologists, pathologists, radiation oncologists, and medical oncologists. Nutritionists and physiotherapists at iTAcC provide rehabilitative support to the patient during and after treatment. All of the aforementioned provides the best guarantee in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease.