Tumors of the head and neck



The group of tumors located in the cervical region and head are called head and neck tumors, as well as those located in:

  • Oral cavity (lips, tongue, floor of the mouth, gums and palate).
  • Posterior region of the mouth (tonsils, nasopharynx, oropharynx and hypopharynx).
  • Larynx.
  • Nasal cavities and sinuses.
  • Saliva Glands (parotid, submandibular and sublingual salivary glands).
  • Thyroid gland.
  • Lymph nodes of the neck
  • Skin of the face, scalp and neck.
  • The ear.
  • Orbit.
  • Base of the skull.

Head and neck tumors account for approximately 10% to 12% of all the types of cancer in men and 4% to 5% in women.

The overall survival rate is better than cancers in other locations which are generally more aggressive. The cure rate is between 50% and 60% and almost 90% in the thyroid.